Production of Cashmere
Cashmere fiber is produced from the down hair of Himalayan goats, which is regarded as a luxury fiber due to its rare availability and special attributes including expectational softness and high thermal insulation without being bulky. Cashmere is used to manufacture a variety of the high quality of products such as; sweaters, shawl, scarf, and many more. The products of cashmere are appreciated for its warmth and softness throughout the world. Mainly cashmere is available in some part of the country such as; China, India, Nepal, Mongolia, Tibet, Afghanistan, Iran, Australia, and New Zealand. Among them, China, Mongolia, Tibet, and Afghanistan are the countries, where the largest amount of cashmere is produced.
The process of making A-grade cashmere
First raw cashmere is taken from the Himalayas goat and it is mix with the fine under down and coarse outer guard hairs along with the sand, dirt, animal grease, and other impurities. Once this raw cashmere arrives at a processing mill, it should be sorted out low grade and synthetic contamination cashmere and baled and stored it. In the second stage, fiber should be broken down into different colors such as; light gray, white, cream, brown and many more. In this stage also need to look once for any lower grade fiber or synthetic contamination. After sorting process, the greasy fiber should be scoured to remove the dirt, grease, and other impurities and that washed cashmere are ready for dehairing to remove the coarse guard hair from the soft under down. It will remove the co-mingled mass of fiber through a series of dehairing heads on the machine. After removing the coarse guard, the cashmere should pass through the dehairing machinery and coarse hair should carry down to standard 0.5% for weaving grade and 0.2% of lower grade fiber which is used for the knitting. By using detailed, we will remove all coarse hair and impurities in-order to avoid damaging the length of the under-down.
After this, the residual coarse hair becomes high grade as 3% which is also called commercial cashmere.
These dehaired cashmere are more valuable throughout the world due to its key features that including fineness, length, color, and many more. China is the country, which produces the finest and best white cashmere in the globe and it commands the highest price in the global market.
Once you finished the dehair process of fiber, it is ready to be shipped to spinners, weavers, and knitters throughout the world and it also can be converted into yarn on the woolen or cotton yarn.